SUSPECT HEPATOPLEURAL FISTEL INITIATED BY LUNG ABCESS BECOMES
HYDROPNEUMOTHORAX WITH THE COMPLICATION OF LIVER ABCESS
Sri Indah Indriani1*, Indra Yovi1, Aulia Rezha Yomitra1, Elvando Tunggul Maulite Simatupang1, Heri Krisnata Ginting2, Hariadi Hatta3
1Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Riau University - Arifin Achmad General Hospital Pekanbaru
2Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Riau University - Arifin Achmad General Hospital Pekanbaru 3Department of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Riau University - Arifin Achmad General Hospital Pekanbaru
Background: A liver abscess is an inflamed liver lesion that can migrate into the pleural cavity and cause lung abscess and empyema. Hepatopleura fistulas are one of the reasons why cancer might spread to the pleural cavity.
Case: A 25-year-old man complains of sudden shortness of breath, exacerbated by strenuous activity. An x-ray was performed showing a lung abscess. after 6 days, a repeat x-ray showed a hydropneumothorax, and a Water Sealed Drainage was performed. An abdomen ultrasound was carried out and found a picture of a liver abscess. In the patient’s condition, repeated abdominal ultrasounds were done to determine the size of the liver abscess and repeated chest X-rays were done to examine the WSD. No hepatopleural fistula was discovered in this patient, and the liver abscess was less than 5 cm, therefore drainage was not necessary. Antibiotics were administered to the patient. The patient was treated for 40 days and it was found that the lungs had not expanded an open pleural window was performed.
Conclusion: This patient was then consulted for thoracic and cardiovascular surgery for further management of the lungs that had not yet expanded and fluid production was still ongoing, a decision was made with further intervention.
Keywords: Hydropneumothorax, Lung Abscess, Liver Abscess